Vivaah Sanskar

On Sunday 2 November 2014 I attended my friend’s wedding. I wasn’t the official photographer but just had to take my new little el-cheapo lens along for a tryout.

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“A Hindu wedding is called vivaha (Sanskrit: विवाह[1]) and the wedding ceremony is called vivaah sanskar.[2][3] The Hindus attach a lot of importance to marriages, the ceremonies are very colourful, and celebrations may extend for several days. The bride’s and groom’s home – entrance, doors, wall, floor, roof – are sometimes decorated with colors, balloons and other decorations.[4]

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The rituals and process in a Hindu wedding vary widely. Nevertheless, there are a few key rituals common in Hindu weddings – Kanyadaan, Panigrahana, and Saptapadi, which are respectively, giving away of daughter by the father, voluntarily holding hand near the fire to signify union, and taking seven steps with each step includes a vow/promise to each other before fire.[5] The Hindu wedding ceremony at its core is essentially a Vedic yajna ritual. The primary witness of a Hindu marriage is the fire-deity (or the Sacred Fire) Agni, in the presence of family and friends.[6] The ceremony is traditionally conducted entirely, or at least partially in Sanskrit, considered by Hindus as the language of holy ceremonies. The local language of the bride and groom is also used.

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The pre-wedding and post-wedding rituals and celebrations vary by region, preferences or the resources of the groom, bride and their families. They can range from one day to multi-day events. Pre-wedding ceremonies includeengagement (involving vagdana or betrothal and lagna-patra written declaration),[3] and arrival of the groom’s party at the bride’s residence, often in the form of a formal procession with dancing and music. The post-wedding ceremonies may include Abhishek, Anna Prashashan, Aashirvadah, and Grihapravesa – the welcoming of the bride to her new home.

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In India, where most Hindus live, by law and tradition, no Hindu marriage is binding and complete unless the ritual of seven steps and vows in presence of fire (Saptapadi) is completed by the bride and the groom together.[7] This requirement is under debate.[8] ” ~ Wikipadia

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8 thoughts on “Vivaah Sanskar”

  1. Very beautiful photos! How I would love to have a wedding with so much color and fun! I enjoyed this article, also. I’m fascinated by the many different “Indian” cultures.

  2. Beautiful images, Andy 🙂

    Yea, Hindu marriages are like festivals… there is music, dance, rituals, feast, and all the drama.

    Also, as you said, it varies from region to region.

    I am just back from a marriage of one of my cousin and totally exhausted 🙂

      1. I am from north Kerala, to be precise, Kannur. Which is around 250 km north of Cochin 🙂

        If you are planning a visit to Kerala any time, please do set aside at least a week. It’s geography demands it and you won’t get disappointed for sure 🙂

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